The division of Forensic Medicine, a university-affiliated office, evaluates female customers and children annually for possible use, sex-related offences and anogenital traumatization


In 2005, while doing work in the team of Forensic Medicine, institution of Jordan healthcare facility, the author got contacted to watch and assess 20 preadolescent teenagers and unmarried ladies who demanded gynaecological intervention. The interventions were practiced around or by the hymen community under general anaesthesia by gynaecologists within division of Gynaecology and Obstetrics. The forensic role ended up being mainly associated with formal forms associated with pre- and postintervention status of hymen. Moms and dads of minors, and also the individual herself if over 18 many years, closed agreement types in conformity with the medical facility measure.

The division of Forensic treatments, a university-affiliated division, examines female patients and kids each year for feasible abuse, sexual offences and anogenital trauma. The division is obtainable for cases introduced legally administration businesses and disaster divisions and centers throughout the institution of Jordan medical center, not to mention self-referrals. The team of Forensic treatment policy/protocols dictate that any case with hymenal traumatization and or any medicolegal circumstances is going to be accompanied awake in forensic center and a formal medicolegal review can be distributed.


The mean period of the 20 females was 16.4 decades (array: 35 instances to 28 a very long time). Because similarity when you look at the scientific presentation between certain instances, just 12 instances had been selected to express the areas of hymen attention (dining table 1).

The very first 2 instances were ladies with vaginal mysterious body. Circumstances 1 would be an 8-year-old lady that has rolled-up parts of bathroom tissue into the genitals, while case 2 would be a 6-year-old girl who had a metallic hairpin injected. Both kiddies are moaning of soft vaginal emission. Disposal of the bathroom cells demanded 2 beat of businesses under common anaesthesia, and forensic consultation developed while in the next functioning. The hymen with the 1st youngster is for whole while regarding the second one displayed a well used split at 8 oa€™clock.

Another 2 covers are trauma cases. Case 3 would be a 4-year-old female that continuous a direct penile traumatization while playing. She received a straddle injury to the genitalia. Hometown examination disclosed contusion with the labia majora and minora alongside a recent hymenal rip at 6 oa€™clock. Plastic medical fix would be accomplished 1 month later on but without success and hymen remained ripped. Case 4 was an 8-year-old lady who was simply involved with a road site traffic accident. She had serious pelvic injuries and fractures. The hymen is discovered to become damaged at 7 oa€™clock. Study of the way it is after a few months revealed equal appeal for the hymen.

Case 5 were involved with a means guests problem when she got 8 years old. She suffered with severe pelvic shock with cracks and critical lacerations. She designed persistent vaginal release and burn micturition. After 14 age, pursuit for this case to eliminate the potential for vesicovaginal fistula revealed that hymen was actually fully missing with just a compact leftover of hymenal muscle in place.

Situation 6, 7 and 8 show use of the vaginoscope launched through hymenal orifice to the cunt. Instance 6 got experienced a previous medical procedure when you look at the anal area. Pursuit regarding the genitals had been performed to exclude the potential of rectovaginal fistula. Circumstances 7 have a sizable cervical polyp sticking out with the hymenal orifice. Resection of polyp was actually finished. Circumstances 8 have resection of a polyp followed closely by distension belonging to the cervix by Hegara€™s dilators to explore the uterus for any profile of uterine polyps. Following your operation, in both cases the hymen stayed undamaged.

Covers 9 and 10 comprise experienced inborn imperforate hymen which need rounded resection from the hymen. Circumstances 9 didn’t come with menstruation, extremely laparatomy and genital pursuit would be necessary to rule out the potential for genital and cervical atresia. Genital adhesion is discovered whenever Hegara€™s dilators were utilized. Circumstances 10 presented with a pelvi-abdominal weight. Research showed that the weight would be an enlarged womb. The hymen would be analyzed and located as imperforate. A result of fear of reclosure of this hymen and also the significance of even more gynaecological intervention, a repeat followup for case 10 ended up being made the decision. In both cases, the residual area of the hymen am annular.


In cases where gynaecological intervention try indicated in solitary girls around and/or through hymen, the individual and even the woman people often reveal deeper focus regarding the stability associated with the hymen. Also, the gynaecologists fear so much future allegations. In Jordan, the role belonging to the forensic physician starts staying cherished in situation of gynaecological input in unmarried ladies. The above-mentioned cases were used to establish a typical example of instances when a forensic physician had been contacted because of the gynaecologists.

The age of the researched circumstances extended from 35 weeks to 28 years. Thus they end up in completely different groups with some other gynaecological demands. In all cases there was serious focus towards stability of this hymen.

Gynaecological surgical interventions had been indicated in the eventuality of severe genital trauma (matters 3 and 4), imperforate hymen (circumstances 9 and 10), mysterious system within the snatch (circumstances 1 and 2), polyps or tumours (covers 7 and 8), vaginal abscesses (matters 11 and 12) along with diagnostic reasons (cases 5 and 6).

Bleeding from vulva or snatch in girls should be immediately analyzed because it brings about both youngsters and her people substantial concern. This became evident in case that 3 and 4 with a tear on the hymen and instances 1 and 2 with vaginal international system. Surgical and diagnostic treatments may also bring genital bleeding. The testimony of a forensic medical practitioner is important, like the supply of bleeding must always be quickly examined. The patient or this lady mom likely cannot establish the source of the swelling and can even mistakenly believe that it is from the hymen, as seen in case 11 with labial abscess.

Uncover set posted situation in the therapy of hymenal tears. The hymen typically has an improved possibility of curing in covers of partial split than full type. Complete transection of the hymen cannot heal without medical fix. Even so, only a small percentage of fully transected hymens might end up being successfully repaired [12]. This became obvious in cases where 3 just where surgical repairs happened to be attempted and in the followup of instance 4 without medical restoration.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *